Infringement of Copyright in Non-Fiction Works: From Luxembourg to Darlington

Jonathan Haydn-Williams considers three significant court decisions concerning infringement of copyright in factual or historical literary works. In the first, the European Court introduced a new test for infringement, which the second and third have blended into English law. As a result, reproducing even small extracts of news articles may amount to infringement and a headline may in itself attract copyright protection. The third case concerns the story of “Flipper”, a disabled supporter of Darlington Football Club.